Would you drink this glass of water?
According to the latest estimates of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and anitation (JMP), 768 million people around the world do drink water like that. In the United States, we are lucky to have easy access to some of the safest treated water in the world—just by turning on the tap. We wake up in the morning, take a shower, brush our teeth, grab a cup of coffee and head out for the day. Water is an important part of our daily lives and we use it for a wide variety of purposes, but do we really understand how much we use?
As you know, the Earth is a watery place. But just how much water exists on our planet? According to the U.S Geological Survey’s (USGS) Water Science School about 70 % of the earth’s surface is covered with water. 97 % of the water on Earth is salt water. 2% of the water on Earth is glacier ice at North and South Poles. Only 1 % of all the water on Earth is fresh water that we can actually use. Clean water is water safe enough to be consumed by humans or used with low risk of immediate or long term harm. Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century. How the world uses freshwater: about 70 % of water is used for irrigation; 20 % of water is used for industry; 10% is used for domestic use. There is the major consumption of water at home: 27% – toilets, 22% – washing machines, 17% – showers, 16% – faucets, 14% – leaks, 2% – baths, 2% – other domestic, 1% – dishwashers.
Comparison usage of water in different countries: The average American family uses more than 300 gallons of water per day. In a day a European person consumes about 50 gallons of water. The resident of sub-Saharan Africa uses only 2 to 5 gallons of water per day. Problems with water are the leading cause of sickness and death. Every 21 seconds, a child dies from diarrhea. Diarrhea, a water-related illness, is the second leading cause of death among children under five in the world. It kills more children than malaria, AIDS, and measles combined. 3.41 million people die from water, sanitation and hygiene-related causes each year. Also, Water has a huge effect on life at all. According to the article “10 Facts about Scarcity” on webpage World Health Organization:
- Without clean water children cannot attend school.
- In just one day, 200 million work hours are consumed by women collecting water for their families.
- If people do not have safe source of drinking water, they cannot bathe or clean their cloths or homes properly.
Now you are informed about numerous deficit of water in the world. Let me share how we, here in America, can provide safe
water to those people who in need. You can donate some money. There is a Clean Water Project of Samaritan’s Purse which provides a thirsty world with clean water. In 2010, the Unite Nations General Assembly on its official webpage recognized, “the right of every human being to have access to sufficient water for personal and domestic uses, which must be safe, acceptable, affordable, and physically accessible.” Next time, when you will drink a glass of clean water, let think about someone, somewhere in the world, who does not have the same opportunity as you do. Do not be indifferent! Your voice really has a power to make a difference.